2020年春人教新目标英语七年级下册

Unit 11 How was your school trip?

1. milk n . 牛奶 v. 挤奶 milk a cow给奶牛挤奶

2. ride (rode . ridden ) v 骑 n 旅程

eg 1) 骑车大约十分钟路程。(七下U3)It's about ten minutes' ride.

2) 乘公交车(的旅程)要花大约20分钟。

The bus ride takes about 20 minutes.

3. feed (fed, fed) 1) vt 喂养;饲养

① feed chickens喂鸡 ② feed my dog喂我的狗

2)feed ....to..... 把...喂给...吃

3)feed on以...为食

eg. 绵羊以草为主食 Sheep feed on the grass.

farm vi 耕种;务农 n农场,饲养场 on the farm在农场

eg. 他爸爸在山西务农。His father farms in Shanxi

farming 农业;务农

eg.他了解很多农事。He learned a lot about farming.

farmer 农民;农场主 farmland 农田

4. quite adv 相当;完全;非常

very adv 非常;很 (语气比quite重)

1)quite a lot相当多,非常

eg. 我非常喜欢我的英语老师。I like my English teacher quite a lot.

(2) quite a lot of相当多的;许多= quite a few

eg 1) 农场上有相当多的奶牛There are quite a lot of cows on the farm.

2)----你看到奶牛了吗?----是的,看到了。我看到了相当多。

---Did you see any cows?---Yes, I did. I saw quite a lot.

5. anything任何事物;某物 everything所有事物;一切

something某物 nothing 什么都没有

复合不定代词 1)作主语时,视为单三。

2) 形容词修饰复合不定代词时 ,放在不定代词后。

eg. 1)我自行车出毛病了。Something is wrong with my bike.

2)有趣的事something interesting

3)你学到什么东西了吗?Did you learn anything?

4) 一切都准备好了。Everything is ready。

5)钱是很重要,但对我们来说并不是一切。

Money is very important , but it's not every for us.

6.一切都是有关机器人的,我对那不感兴趣。

Everything was about robots and I'm not interested in that.

somewhere, anywhere, nowhere, everywhere, 复合不定副词

复合不定副词特点:1) 不定副词前不加介词

2)形容词修饰不定副词后,放在不定副词后,放在不定副词后。

eg.我想搬到某个有趣的地方。I want to move somewhere interesting.

7. grow (grew.grown) (1) vt种植

eg. 1) grow apples 种植苹果树

2) plant trees植树eg 我们在花园里种植花和蔬菜。

We grow flowers and vegetables in our garden.

(2)生长发育eg.1) grow up长大

2)春天万物复苏。In spring , everything begins to grow.

8. pick v . 采摘

eg. 1) pick flowers摘花

2)pick strawberries / cotton摘草莓 / 棉花

3)不要在花园里摘花。Don't pick flowers in the park.

4)他摘了一些草莓并把它们带到家里。

He picked some strawberries and took them home.

pick up ① 拾起;捡起 (动副)

eg.捡起那本书pick up the book

pick sb up(用车)接....

eg. 在我回家的路上我将开车接你。I will pick you up on my way home.

9. excellent adj 极好的,优秀的 countryside n 乡村;农村

in the countryside 在乡村,在农村

--Hi ! How was your trip last week?上周你的旅行怎么样?

--It was excellent.I visited my grandparents in the countryside.

太好了,我去乡下看望了我的祖父母。

--Oh, nice.What did you do?奥,很好。你干什么了?

--I went fishing every day. And I fed the chicken with my grandpa. It was so much fun.我每天去钓鱼。并且我和爷爷一起喂鸡。那很有趣。

--Sounds good. How was the weather there?

听起来很好。那天气怎么样呢?

--It was great, and the air was so clean. I watched the stars at night. They were so beautiful.

天气好极了,并且空气是那么干净。我在夜晚观看了星星。他们是那么美丽。

--Lucky you.祝你好运。

10. fun 玩笑,乐事 (un)

eg. 1) 那很有趣。It's a lot of fun.

2)我的数学老师很有趣。My maths teacher is great / good fun.

3)玩的开心have fun 玩得非常开心have so much fun

11. worry (1) vt使....担心,使发愁 worry sb使某人担心

eg. 1) 没什么可使我担心的。Nothing worries me.

2) 这个男孩让他妈妈担心。The boy worries his mother.

(2)(vt) 担心,担忧 后面常接宾语从句eg. 天变的阴云密布,我们担心天将下雨。It got very cloudy and we worried it would rain.

(3) vi 担心;忧虑 worry about = be worried about 担心....

eg. 1) 不要担心他。他将马上回来。

Don't worry about him. He'll be back soon.

2)我没什么好担心的。I have nothing to worry about.

12. luck 运气 lucky adj 幸运的 unlucky不幸运的

luckily adv 幸运地 unluckily不幸运地

fortune (c,u) n 运气 fortunate adj幸运的;侥幸的

unfortunate adj不幸的 fortunately adv 幸运地

unfortunately adv不幸地

eg. 1) 幸运的是,天没有下雨,并且太阳又出来了。

Luckily , it didn't rain , and the sun came out again.

2) 幸运的是,所有的人都被救了。Luckily, all the people were saved.

3) 不幸的是,我又起床晚了Unluckily, I got up late again.

13. museum 博物馆

1)the art museum美术博物馆

2)the science museum科学博物馆

3) the Palace Museum故宫

4) at the museum在博物馆

14. fire 1)(un) 火 2)(cn) 火灾

1)be on fire着火

eg. 昨天,那家工厂着火了。The factory was on fire yesterday.

2) make a fire生火

eg. 天太冷了让我们生火吧。It's too cold . Let's make a fire.

3) play with fire玩火

eg. 不要玩火,因为它很危险。

Don't play with fire , because it's very dangerous.

消防站fire station

15. painting n 油画;绘画 paint v绘画,给...上油漆

eg.1) 我看到了一些油画。I saw some paintings.

2) 我姐姐在一所学校学绘画。

My elder sister is learning to paint in a school.

16. fast快的;快地(速度快)

1)a fast train快车 2) run fast跑得快

quick快的 (表示某事在比较短的时间里完成)

have a quick shower / breakfast 快快洗澡/吃早饭

17. robot n 机器人 guide n 导游;向导

a model robot / plane 机器人模型

18. interested感兴趣的 be interested in doing对做...感兴趣

interesting有趣的 surprised吃惊的

be surprised at 对...感到吃惊

surprising 令人吃惊的 excited兴奋的;激动的

exciting令人兴奋的;令人激动的

be / get excited about...因某事而兴奋

19. (1) all in all总的说来

eg. 1) 总之,这是令人兴奋的一天。All in all, it was an exciting day.

2) 总的来说,它非常成功。All in all, it's a great success.

(2) in all 总共;合计

eg. 总共有四十名学生。There are forty students in all.

(3) not...at all 一点也不;根本不

eg. 1) 我根本不喜欢它。I don't like it at all.

2) 我一点都不喜欢这次旅行。I don't like the trip at all.

bored厌倦的 boring无聊的 embarrassed尴尬地

embarrassing令人尴尬的

be embarrassed about doing sth 因某事/做某事而尴尬

20. dark (1)黑暗的;昏暗的 bright 明亮的

eg. 房间真的很暗并且拍照很难,因此我没有拍照。

The rooms were really dark and it was difficult to take photos, so I didn't take any.

(2) 深的 dark blue / green 深蓝色/绿色

light blue / green 浅蓝色/绿色

21. hear 听到;听见 listen听 listen to ... 听...

hear sb do sth 听到某人做某事(经常性的)

hear sb doing sth 听到某人在做某事

eg. 1) 我经常听到Tom在他房间唱歌。

I often hear Tom sing in his room.

2) 我听到Tom正在他房间唱歌。I hear Tom singing in his room.

The farmer showed me around the farm.农民带我参观了农场。

show sb around带领某人参观

eg. 我想带你参观我们的学校。 I want to show you around our school.

22. Carol learned a lot about farming.卡罗尔了解了很多农事。

learn about 了解,知道= know about

eg. 在博物馆,我了解了许多关于机器人的知识。

In the museum , I learned a lot about robots.

23.Today I went on a school trip.今天我外出旅行了。

go on a trip外出旅行= have a trip

eg. 然后导游教我们怎样做机器人模型。

Then the guide taught us how to make a model robot.

(1) teach + 疑问词 + 动词不定式

eg. 让我叫你怎样用电脑。Let me teach you how to use the computer.

(2) teach oneself = learn by oneself自学

eg. I teach myself English . = I learn English by myself.

24. gift = present 礼物

eg. 在那之后,我去了礼品店并为父母买了一些可爱的礼物。

After that , I went to the gift shop and bought some lovely gifts for my parents.

复习:为...买...buy sb sth = buy sth for sb

go on a trip to...到...去旅行

eg.1) 你想和我去旅行么。Do you want to go on a trip with me?

2)I will go on a trip to Australia.我将去澳大利亚旅行。

25. We visited the science museum and it was really interesting.

我们参观了科学博物馆,真的很有趣。

26. We got there so fast by train.我们乘坐火车很快就到了那。

27. We saw some farms and villages along the way.沿途我们看到了一些农场和村庄。

along the way 沿途

28. I think today's school trip was terrible.

我认为今天的学校旅游很糟糕。

29. It was so hot on the slow train.在慢火车上很热。

30. There were also too many people and I couldn't really see or hear the guide.

里面有太多的人,我真的不能看到或听到导游(说话)。

too many 太多 + cn复数 too much 太多 + un

much too + adj 太....

31.The things in the gift shop were so expensive.

礼品店的东西如此昂贵。

32. How do they feel about the trip?你们感觉这次旅行怎么样?

How do feel about....?=How do you like....?=What do you think of...?

你觉得...怎么样?